Diabetes is a group of disorders characterized by chronic high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) due to the body’s failure to produce enough insulin to regulate high glucose levels. There are two main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes, which often occurs in children or adolescents, is caused by the body’s inability to make insulin, and
- Type 2 diabetes, which occurs as a result of the body’s inability to react properly to insulin (insulin resistance).
Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent than Type 1 diabetes, occurring in approximately 90% of all diabetes cases. It is predominantly diagnosed after the age of forty; however, it is now being diagnosed in all age ranges, including children and adolescents. Diabetes is one of the major causes of mortality in the U.S. and the world.
There are many risk factors for Type 2 diabetes, including age, race, pregnancy, stress, certain medications, genetics, and high cholesterol. However, the single best predictor of type 2 diabetes is being overweight or obese. People who are overweight or obese have added pressure on their body’s ability to use insulin to properly control blood sugar levels, and are therefore more likely to develop diabetes. The rapid increase in diabetes occurrence in the United States is mostly attributed to the growing prevalence of obesity.
You can read more about Diabetes here: https://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/EN_6E_Atlas_Full_0.pdf